The Engels House breathes the spirit of a great historical figure: Friedrich Engels (1820-1895). The Engels House, built in 1775, was his grandfather's home and represents the family's economic success as textile entrepreneurs during early industrialisation.
The permanent exhibition shows the life and work of Wuppertal's most famous son and provides a fascinating insight into the bourgeois everyday culture of the Engels family of pietistic entrepreneurs.
The permanent exhibition on the life and work of Friedrich Engels presents the factory owner's son from Barmen as a true all-rounder: Philosopher, social critic, historian, journalist, communist revolutionary, military expert, cosmopolitan, along the way a linguistic genius, athletic, communicative and hard-drinking, but always a gentleman and basically a workaholic, for Karl Marx "a true universal encyclopaedia".
The miserable situation of the workers in England particularly touched Engels. He took it as an opportunity to also deal theoretically with the textile industry, which operated with high capital input and the most modern technology and was initially the leading sector of industrialisation.
His "Outlines of a Critique of National Economy" (1844) had a lasting influence on Karl Marx, who had studied philosophy and law. It was through Engels that Marx found his way to economics. No Engels, no Marx! Karl Marx, the theoretician of scientific socialism, and Friedrich Engels, the practitioner of economics: both are among the important personalities of the 19th century who have had a lasting influence on the contemporary history of the 20th century.
In the Engels House, however, you can also immerse yourself in the bourgeois living culture of a factory owner's family around 1830. Music and wallpaper rooms give an authentic impression of how the Engels family lived. Particularly noteworthy here are the Engels family's music room with its elaborate stucco work and the representative wallpaper room, whose colourful depictions of river and coastal landscapes still impress visitors today.